Firms of Innovation, Meta Research – Facebook (AR/VR)
"The course project is designed for you to do a thorough review, analysis, and reflection on key dynamics of innovation that characterize a particular technology trajectory, field, firm, or governance institution." This will be the first part of the project (short 3 page paper) "Develop a case study of the origins of the firm, its developmental trajectory, internal practices and culture, and how those appear to relate to their technological successes and failures. What networks did the firm rely upon (if any) as it developed? How does it structure R&D and product development? What kinds of relations does it have with external parties? How does it compare to others within its field? The idea, again is to isolate what you believe the evidence suggests are key factors that contributed to a firm’s direction." I have chosen Meta Research (Facebook) AR/VR "Stage One/Paper 1: Background and Overview Your initial paper is an introduction to your topic that provides a general overview of the technology/firm/ agency/innovation environment you have selected. Your goal is to survey the technology/firm/agency in question and to provide an initial overview of key issues. The paper would typically include: a) A concise introduction to your focal point: concisely summarize the history and central issues, developmental obstacles, and/or debates that have surrounded your case. How did the technology develop, or how did the firm/agency start? What part of the firm/agency/technology’s trajectory are you going to focus upon, if your topic has an extended history? Are there controversies, divisions, or disputes that have characterized your firm’s/the technology’s/the agency’s development? Are there any debates concerning social or economic effects? b) Initial analysis of critical individuals: You should provide an initial overview of key individuals or groups involved in your case. If you are studying an innovative firm: who are the key actors? What are their backgrounds? Where did they come from (other firms, universities, government labs, etc.)? How is the firm organized? Does it do most/all of its R&D internally? Or does it collaborate with other ventures? If a government agency, how do their operations generally proceed? Who do they typically work with, if relevant? How big is their budget? What is the agency monitoring and oversight process? How do they deal with risk? If you are focused on a technology, you should do your best to characterize what the literature says about its emergence. Did it come from one innovator, or a firm? From a “network” of related parties? From a series of unrelated breakthroughs that came together? Did it involve a radical breakthrough, or a series of incremental innovations? If you are reviewing a policy or larger set of institutions, you shouldprovide an overview of your focal point, key actors or events, and an initial assessment of what you believe to be relevant aspects of the policy environment. Your paper should be approximately 3 pages in length, not including bibliography, with standard 1 inch margins and 12 point font Times New Roman. Please use ASA format for your bibliography. Note that I recognize that detailed answers to the above queries could be 10+ pages in length. My expectation is that you will be able to focus your descriiption on a limited set of central, relevant issues and adequately summarize what may be very complex topics. This is not a FINAL paper (although I do expect it to be well-written, and accurate), but an initial background. You can also briefly note more peripheral issues, or ongoing puzzles or open questions you’d like to address moving forward." ***SOURCES MUST BE ACADEMIC OR SCHOLARLY PEER REVIEWED***

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