U‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍sing Motivational Interviewing on the following case inform
U‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍sing Motivational Interviewing on the following case information: Aniyah is an 11-year-old middle school student at Fake School Middle. Specific symptoms: Intense fear of anticipated speech in class or in public, avoidance of public speaking, fear of choking on food every time she eats, muscle tension, insomnia, fatigue, impaired concentration, depressed and anxious mood, increased appetite, and sneaking food at night, weight gain, and feelings of fear that she will say or do something or display anxiety that will result in adverse reactions from others. According to the client's mother and school staff, these symptoms interfere with school and social functioning and have lasted for over three years. The paper must contain the Application/Techniques from motivational interviewing. MI has core skills of OARS, attending to the language of change and the artful exchange of information: Open questions draw out and explore the person’s experiences, perspectives, and ideas. Evocative questions guide the client to reflect on how change may be meaningful or p‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍ossible. Information is often offered within a structure of open questions (Elicit-Provide-Elicit) that first explores what the person already knows, then seeks permission to offer what the practitioner knows and then explores the person’s response. Affirmation of strengths, efforts, and past successes help to build the person’s hope and confidence in their ability to change. Reflections are based on careful listening and trying to understand what the person is saying, by repeating, rephrasing or offering a deeper guess about what the person is trying to communicate. This is a foundational skill of MI and how we express empathy. Summarizing ensures shared understanding and reinforces key points made by the client. Attending to the language of change identifies what is being said against change (sustain talk) and in favor of change (change talk) and, where appropriate, encourages a movement away from sustain talk toward change talk. Parts of this should read like a clinical session/interview. ie: "Clinician: So what I hear you saying is...."‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍ APA

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