Case Studies: Reproductive Disorders Mrs. M, age 50, is concerned about unpleasant effects accompanying menopause. Her last menstrual period was several months ago. She is experiencing hot flashes, night sweats, nervousness, mood changes, and insomnia. She states that she has heard some of her friends are using hormone replacement therapy (HRT). She wants to know more about it. Explain why HRT is sometimes used with postmenopausal women Discuss side effects of HRT, including special risks they pose Discuss why progestin is often added to HRT, in addition to estrogen. Mr. E. is a 62 year old patient who is experiencing difficulty urinating. Upon assessment, he states that he has to get up many times during the night to urinate. When he tries to urinate, he has difficulty starting and the urine tends to come out in dribbles. He confesses that he has had some incontinence issues. The physician diagnoses Mr. E. with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). Explain to Mr. E. what BPH is and provide a rationale for the symptoms he is experiencing based on his diagnosis State 2 of the medications used to treat BPH: include how they work side effects of concern. 3. Sally is a 25 year old female who would like to discuss birth control options with you. She is a smoker (1 pack/day). Discuss 2 pharmacologic methods of birth control that you think would be appropriate for this patient, given her medical history and social factors. Explain why you selected these medications. Mary is about to give birth. This is her first child. She is 2 weeks over-due. The obstetrician is planning on using oxytocin with Mary. Discuss why the doctor may be using oxytocin. Discuss some of the side effects that must be carefully watched for during the IV administration of oxytocin. Explain why the doctor is not using magnesium sulfate.